Food beverage packaging Thailand
Pharmacy medical packaging Thailand
juice milk sauce oil yoghurt water
GMP HACCP BRC-IOP Packaging Thailand
Union Thai Polyplast Co.,
Ltd. Is the leader in packaging Thailand,
and plastic bottle manufacturer in Thailand.
We are doing business in plastic bottle
container Thailand, bottle plastic suppliers
Thailand, Plastic bottle container Thailand,
Food and Beverage Packaging Thailand, Pharmacy
medical packaging Thailand , specializing
in, Blow molding and Injection molding.
We can design various shape and size of
product by using the computer aided design
(CAD) program. Further more we are using
high quality plastic raw material; PE, PP,
PVC, PU, HDPE, HMPE, LDPE, LLDPE, COPP,
EVA. Including, we are servicing to, Shrink
film labeling and Silk screen printing,
in every format of customer wants.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Packaging)
Jump to: navigation, search
A sealed pack of diced pork from Tesco.
It shows the cooking time, number of servings,
'display until' date, 'use by' date, weight
in kg, price, price to weight ratio in both
?/kg and ?/lb, freezing and storage instructions.
It says 'Less than 3% Fat' and 'No Carbs
per serving' and includes a barcode. The
Union Flag, British Farm Standard tractor
logo, and British Meat Quality Standard
logo imply that it is British pork.
Tablets in a blister pack, which was itself
packagingd in a folding carton made of paperboard.
Packaging is the science, art, and technology
of enclosing or protecting products for
distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging
also refers to the process of design, evaluation,
and production of packaging. Packaging labelling
(BrE) or labeling (AmE) is any written,
electronic, or graphic communications on
the packaging or on a separate but associated
Packaging is heavily integrated into our
daily lives, we see it all around us, on
everyday items such as chocolate bars and
potato chip (crisp) packets- As explained
below, the main use for packaging is protection
of the goods inside, but packaging also
provides us with a recognisable logo, or
packaging, we instantly know what the goods
The purposes of packaging and packaging
Packaging and packaging labelling have several
Physical Protection - The objects enclosed
in the packaging may require protection
from, among other things, shock, vibration,
compression, temperature, etc.
Barrier Protection - A barrier from oxygen,
water vapor, dust, etc., is often required.
Packaging permeability is a critical factor
in design. Some packaging contain desiccants
or Oxygen absorbers to help extend shelf
life. Modified atmospheres or controlled
atmospheres are also maintained in some
food packaging. Keeping the contents clean,
fresh, and safe for the intended shelf life
is a primary function.
Containment or Agglomeration - Small objects
are typically grouped together in one packaging
for reasons of efficiency. For example,
a single box of 1000 pencils requires less
physical handling than 1000 single pencils.
Liquids, powders, and flowables need containment.
Information transmission - Information
on how to use, transport, recycle, or dispose
of the packaging or product is often contained
on the packaging or label. With pharmaceutical,
food, medical, and chemical products, some
types of information are required by governments.
Marketing - The packaging and labels can
be used by marketers to encourage potential
buyers to purchase the product. Packaging
design has been an important and constantly
evolving phenomenon for dozens of years.
Marketing communications and graphic design
are applied to the surface of the packaging
and (in many cases) the point of sale display.
Security - Packaging can play an important
role in reducing the security risks of shipment.
Packaging can be made with improved tamper
resistance to deter tampering and also can
have tamper-evident features to help indicate
tampering. Packaging can be engineered to
help reduce the risks of packaging pilferage:
Some packaging constructions are more resistant
to pilferage and some have pilfer indicating
seals. Packaging may include authentication
seals to help indicate that the packaging
and contents are not counterfeit. Packaging
also can include anti-theft devices, such
as dye-packs, RFID tags, or electronic article
surveillance tags, that can be activated
or detected by devices at exit points and
require specialized tools to deactivate.
Using packaging in this way is a means of
Convenience - Packaging can have features
which add convenience in distribution, handling,
display, sale, opening, reclosing, use,
Portion Control - Single serving or single
dosage packaging has a precise amount of
contents to control usage. Bulk commodities
(such as salt) can be divided into packaging
that are a more suitable size for individual
households. It is also aids the control
of inventory: selling sealed one-liter-bottles
of milk, rather than having people bring
their own bottles to fill themselves.
Various household packaging types for foods
Packaging may be looked at as several different
types. For example a transport packaging
or distribution packaging is the packaging
form used to ship, store, and handle the
product or inner packaging. Some identify
a consumer packaging as one which is directed
toward a consumer or household.
It is sometimes convenient to categorize
packaging by layer or function: "primary",
Primary packaging is the material that
first envelops the product and holds it.
This usually is the smallest unit of distribution
or use and is the packaging which is in
direct contact with the contents.
Secondary packaging is outside the primary
packaging perhaps used to group primary
Tertiary packaging is used for bulk handling
Using these three types as a general guide,
examples of packaging materials and structures
might typically be listed as follows:
Aerosol spray can
edge protector solidboard/ fiberboard sheets
Flexible Intermediate Bulk Container,
Big bag, "Bulk Bags", or "Super
Intermediate bulk container
Symbols used on packaging and labels
Many types of symbols for packaging labelling
are nationally and internationally standardized.
For consumer packaging, symbols exist for
product certifications, trademarks, proof
of purchase, etc. Some requirements and
symbols exist to communicate aspects of
consumer use and safety. Recycling directions,
Resin identification code (below), and packaging
environmental claims have special codes
Bar codes (below), Universal Product Codes,
and RFID labels are common to allow automated
Shipments of hazardous materials or dangerous
goods have special information and symbols
as required by UN, country, and specific
carrier requirements. Two examples are below:
With transport packaging, standardised
symbols are also used to aid in handling.
Some common ones are shown below while others
are listed in ASTM D5445 "Standard
Practice for Pictorial Markings for Handling
of Goods" and ISO 780 "Pictorial
marking for handling of goods".
Packaging Development Considerations
Packaging design and development are often
thought of as an integral part of the new
product development process. Alternatively,
development of a packaging (or component)
can be a separate process, but must be linked
closely with the product to be packagingd.
Packaging design starts with the identification
of all the requirements: structural design,
marketing, shelf life, quality assurance,
logistics, legal, regulatory, graphic design,
end-use, environmental, etc. The design
criteria, time targets, resources, and cost
constraints need to be established and agreed
Transport packaging needs to be matched
to its logistics system. Packaging designed
for controlled shipments of uniform pallet
loads may not be suited to mixed shipments
with express carriers.
An example of how packaging design is affected
by other factors is the relationship to
logistics. When the distribution system
includes individual shipments by a small
parcel carrier, the sortation, handling,
and mixed stacking make severe demands on
the strength and protective ability of the
transport packaging. If the logistics system
is for uniform pallet loads that are unitized,
the structural design of the packaging can
be designed to those specific needs: vertical
stacking, perhaps for a longer time frame.
A packaging designed for one mode of shipment
may not be suited for another.
Sometimes the objectives of packaging development
seem contradictory. For example, packaging
for an over-the-counter drug might require
tamper resistance and child resistant features:
These intentionally make the packaging difficult
to open. The intended consumer, however,
might be handicapped or elderly and be unable
to readily open the packaging.
Packaging design may take place within a
company or with various degrees of external
packaging engineering: contract engineers,
consultants, vendor evaluations, independent
laboratories, contract packagingrs, total
outsourcing, etc. Some sort of formal Project
planning and Project Management methodology
is required for all but the simplest packaging
design and development programs.
Sustainability involves responsible use
of energy and resources. The packaging development
process may involve a life cycle assessment
which considers the material and energy
inputs and outputs to the packaging, the
packagingd product (contents), the packaging
process, the logistics system, waste management,
etc. It is necessary to know the relevant
The traditional three Rs of reduce, reuse,
and recycle have been expanded. All levels
of the waste hierarchy may be considered
in product and packaging development.
The waste hierarchy
Prevention Waste prevention is a primary
goal. Packaging should be used only where
needed. Proper packaging can also help prevent
waste. Packaging plays an important part
in preventing loss or damage to the packagingd-product
(contents). Usually, the energy content
and material usage of the product being
packagingd are much greater than that of
the packaging. A vital function of the packaging
is to protect the product for its intended
use: if the product is damaged or degraded,
its entire energy and material content may
Minimization (also source reduction)
The mass and volume of packaging (per unit
of contents) can be measured and used as
one of the criteria to minimize during the
packaging design process. Usually reduced
packaging also helps minimize costs.
Reuse The reuse of a packaging or component
for other purposes is encouraged. Returnable
packaging has long been useful (and economically
viable) for closed loop logistics systems.
Inspection, cleaning, repair and recouperage
are often needed.
Recycling Recycling is the reprocessing
of materials (pre- and post-consumer) into
new products. Emphasis is focused on recycling
the largest primary components of a packaging:
steel, aluminum, papers, plastics, etc.
Small components can be chosen which are
not difficult to separate and do not contaminate
Energy recovery Waste-to-energy and
Refuse-derived fuel in approved facilities
are able to make use of the heat available
from the packaging components.
Disposal Incineration, and placement
in a sanitary landfill are needed for some
materials. Material content should be checked
for potential hazards to emissions and ash
from incineration and leachate from landfill.
Packaging should not be littered.
A choice of packaging machinery includes,
technical capabilities, labor requirements,
worker safety, maintainability, serviceability,
reliability, ability to integrate into the
packaging line, capital cost, floorspace,
flexibility (change-over, materials, etc.),
energy usage, quality of outgoing packaging,
qualifications (for food, pharmaceuticals,
etc.), throughput, efficiency, productivity,
High speed conveyor with bar code scanner
for sorting transport packaging
Packaging machines may be of the following
Blister, Skin and Vacuum Packaging Machines
Capping, Over-Capping, Lidding, Closing,
Seaming and Sealing Machines
Case and Tray Forming, Packing, Unpacking,
Closing and Sealing Machines
Cleaning, Sterilizing, Cooling and Drying
Conveying, Accumulating and Related Machines
Feeding, Orienting, Placing and Related
Filling Machines: handling liquid and
Packaging Filling and Closing Machines
Form, Fill and Seal Machines
Inspecting, Detecting and Checkweighing
Palletizing, Depalletizing, Pallet Unitizing
and Related Machines
Product Identification: labelling, marking,
Other speciality machinery: slitters,
perforating, laser cutters, parts attachment,
 Further reading
Brody, A. L., and Marsh, K, S., "Encyclopedia
of Packaging Technology", John Wiley
& Sons, 1997, ISBN: 0-471-06397-5
Calver, G., What Is Packaging Design,
Rotovision. 2004, ISBN 2-88046-618-0.
Dean, D.A., 'Pharmaceutical Packaging
Technology", 2000, ISBN: 0748404406
Fiedler, R, M, "Distribution Packaging
Technology", IoPP, 1995
Jankowski, J. Shelf Space: Modern Packaging
Design, 1945-1965, Chronicle Books. 1988
Leonard, E. A. (1996). Packaging, Marcel
Dekker. ISBN 0-8247-9755-8.
Lockhart, H., and Paine, F.A., "Packaging
of Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Products",
2006, Blackie, ISBN: 0751401676
McKinlay, A. H., "Transport Packaging",IoPP,
Opie, R., Packaging Source Book, 1991,
ISBN-10: 1555215114, ISBN-13: 978-1555215118
Pilchik, R., "Validating Medical
Packaging" 2002, ISBN: 1566768071
Robertson, G. L., "Food Packaging",
2005, ISBN: 0849337755
Selke, S, "Packaging and the Environment",
1994, ISBN: 1566761042
Selke, S,. "Plastics Packaging",
2004, ISBN: 1569903727
Soroka, W, "Fundamentals of Packaging
Technology", IoPP, 2002, ISBN: 1-930268-25-4
Stillwell, E. J, "Packaging for the
Environment", A. D. Little, 1991, ISBN:
Packaging Digest Magazine, "Sustainability
in Packaging Study."